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Cryopreservation and in Vitro Expansion of Chondroprogenitor Cells Isolated from the Superficial Zone of Articular Cartilage

Martin, Juan M. Melero ; Smith, Mark ; Al‐Rubeai, Mohamed

Biotechnology Progress, 2005, Vol.21(1), pp.168-177 [Rivista Peer Reviewed]

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  • Titolo:
    Cryopreservation and in Vitro Expansion of Chondroprogenitor Cells Isolated from the Superficial Zone of Articular Cartilage
  • Autore: Martin, Juan M. Melero ; Smith, Mark ; Al‐Rubeai, Mohamed
  • Descrizione: Understanding the proliferation mechanisms of chondroprogenitor cells and their influence on cell differentiation is crucial in order to develop large‐scale expansion processes for tissue engineering applications. Proliferation control mechanisms were mainly attributed to substrate limitation and cell‐cell contact inhibition. The limiting substrates were found to be components of the FCS, with an optimal proliferation rate achieved in the presence of 40% FCS. In addition, the medium supply rate was found to be essential in reducing substrate limitation. In terms of FCS, 10 μL FCS cm h was the threshold feed rate required to prevent substrate limitation. Above this rate, maximum cell densities of 5.3 × 10 cells/cm were achieved, representing a 53‐fold expansion. To reduce the need for high supply rates, the effect of specific growth factors was also investigated. Cell densities of 3.3 × 10 cells/cm were achieved in batch cultures using 40% FCS and 1 ng/mL TGF‐β1. Chondroprogenitor cells were expanded in this medium up to three passages without compromising their ability to differentiate and produce cartilage‐like matrix in pellet cultures. In addition to substrate limitation, cell‐cell contact, even at very sparse subconfluent densities, appeared capable of exerting some degree of growth inhibition. The cells exhibited deceleratory growth kinetics, characterized by a decrease of specific growth rates over time.
  • Fa parte di: Biotechnology Progress, 2005, Vol.21(1), pp.168-177
  • Soggetti: Cartilage, Articular -- Cytology ; Chondrocytes -- Cytology ; Cryopreservation -- Methods ; Culture Media -- Pharmacology ; Stem Cells -- Cytology
  • Lingua: Inglese
  • Identificativo: ISSN: 8756-7938 ; E-ISSN: 1520-6033 ; DOI: 10.1021/bp049821o

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